The Triple Helix: University-Industry-Government Innovation In Action London: Routledge, (). Translations: Swedish (); Chinese (); Portuguese. The Triple Helix — University-Industry-Government Relations: A Laboratory for Knowledge Based Etzkowitz, Henry and Leydesdorff, Loet, The Triple Helix. PDF | On Jun 1, , Anders Broström and others published The Triple Helix: University–industry–government innovation in action – By Henry Etzkowitz.

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Triple helix model of innovation

Cambridge University Press In Press. Public Venture Capital with Gulbrandsen and Levitt.

The triple helix model as a policy-making tool for economic growth and regional development has been criticized by many scholars.

Main Content Etzlowitz Content.

Triple helix model of innovation – Wikipedia

Wither the Entrepreneurial University? However, the two ends of this spectrum are used as ideal-types that are not necessarily reflective of the reality.

An EC Model for the U.

The Road to Recovery: The Entrepreneurial University Mission with Ranga. Transition Within the Transition: The triple helix model of innovation refers to a set of interactions between academia, industry and governments, to foster economic and social development. Loet Leydesdorff, began in when a workshop was organized in Amsterdam to discuss the Etzkoqitz Helix model. These are also two ends of a spectrum, leaving room for substantial variation, based on circumstances and disciplines.


The ‘entrepreneurial etzkowirz is another hybrid element which Etzkowitz defines around the following elements: These conferences explored scientific research in the field of: Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff argue that the initial role of universities is to provide education to individuals and basic research. The triple helix model has been used as a lens through which evolving relationships between university, industry and hnery can be analyzed.

Innovation in complex social systems.

Mendelsohn et al eds Science, Technology and the Military Dordrecht: Environmentalism and Equity, Science Feb. On the one hand, when higher education is largely public, as in continental western Europe, the government has a higher influence on universities and the research they conduct by being the main source of funding.

Ideology and Educational Utopias: Terms of Use Copyright Complaints.

Henry Etzkowitz’ Publications

The Journal of Higher Education. Solar Versus Nuclear Energy: The large number of participants over from 35 countries indicated the emergence of a Triple Helix movement, anchored by the TH Association and spinning into numerous academic and practitioner domains.

However, the distinction between the two models is not always clear cut, as the government can choose to adopt a strong or a weak stance depending on the context and the industry. This can be a permanent move in one direction or the other, or in other cases, entire careers spent between the two spheres. Gender Inequality in Science: The world before and after Bayh-Dole”.


The growing number of participants demanded the coordination of intensified annual events and Triple Helix conferences after Corporations and the City: The Rise of a Triple Helix Culture: In development for Harvard University Press.

Social innovation in the making? A Sociological Paradigm for Economic Development.

Johns Hopkins University Press. Gender Dynamics in Science and Technology: Fonster mot Framtiden Visions of the Future Stockholm: Indeed, this framework claims that under the triple helix model, the emerging technologies do not always match the demands and needs of society, thus limiting their potential impact.

Measuring the Social Etzkoitz of Innovation: