farmacología básica introducción. concepto, evolución histórica, subdivisión de la farmacología concepto la farmacología es aquella ciencia que trata de los. T.4 Farmacologia. Course: Farmacologia ().p2hv{}.p2hv. stopoverlappingourstyleplease{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;bottom:0;width: px;padding Antibacterianos/farmacologia Bandagens Biguanidas/farmacologia Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem.

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Dressings soaked in polyhexamethylene biguanide PHMB ]. Three Methods The most recent diagnostic criteria for diabetes specify that the diagnosis may be made via one of three methods: Prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance in U.

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Basic Characteristics of the Sulfonylureas and biguwnidas Meglitinides The insulin secretagogues, which include the sulfonylureas and the meglitinides, lower plasma glucose by augmenting insulin secretion by the pancreatic b-cells.

Prevalence rates rose with age, with a plateau after age 75 years. American Diabetes Association; To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy. Traditionally gauze dressings have been used to cover and protect wounds although their porous structure does not constitute an efficient barrier against bacterial penetration, especially when a dressing becomes wet due to the effects of a wound oozing and draining.

Rev Enferm ; 29 6: A PHMB dressing can also be used as a primary covering to treat a chronic wound since it does not interfere in the process of tissue reepithelization. As opposed to porous gauze dressings, a PHMB dressing remains active during 72 hours even in wet environs. However, obese individuals with type 2 diabetes have higher post-glucose insulin levels than do thin individuals with normal glucose tolerance, thus demonstrating the persistence of biguanias effect of obesity on insulin secretion.


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When an oral glucose tolerance test OGTT is performed, the 2-hour plasma glucose PG test is used to make the diagnosis. Slama et al, Lancetp To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors.

Type 2 diabetes includes those cases that result from insulin resistance accompanied by a defect in insulin secretion. The hyperglycemia may be the result of defects in insulin secretion or insulin sensitivity, or both.

N Engl J Med. It reduces the plasma level of glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c by 1. The sulfonylureas may be given once or twice daily, while repaglinide, the only agent in the meglitinides group available in the United States, is given three times daily.

Adaptado do site da Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes 2. Its wide anti-micro-bacterial range prevents infections in surgical, acute or chronic wounds and in any type of intra-corporal access susceptible to infection, such biguabidas by means of intravascular catheters, tracheotomies, or thoracic tubes. Efficacy of metformin in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

The main risk associated with the use of metformin biguanidass the potential for lactic acidosis, which is increased in patients with renal impairment or hepatic disease and cardiac or respiratory insufficiency.

Basic Characteristics of Metformin Metformin, the sole available representative of the biguanide class in the United States, decreases hepatic glucose production. Plasma lipid values are based on those recommended by the American Diabetes Association bigaunidas the National Cholesterol Education Program.

Any method may be used for the repeat test. Bell P, Hadden D. Insulin levels in the fasting state are dependent upon the degree of obesity. It is generally given one to three times daily; therapy is initiated at a low dose, which is gradually raised. This agent works only in the presence of insulin, which may be of endogenous or exogenous origin. To confirm the diagnosis, repeat testing on a subsequent day is required. Thin individuals with or without altered glucose tolerance have normal basal insulin levels, while obese persons have elevated basal insulin levels regardless of glucose tolerance status.


Sobre projeto SlidePlayer Termos de uso. Recently the use of a dressing soaked in a 0. Simultaneously while a PHMB soaked dressing carries out these actions, it creates an environment favorable to the proliferation of the normal flora found in the epidermis.

Summary of the second report of the NCEP expert panel on the detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol. Plasma Glucose Cutoff Points The most recent criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes include new plasma glucose cutoff points.


Medical Management of Type 2 Diabetes. Data from American Diabetes Association.

Mechanisms of Action The six classes of therapeutic agents used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus may be divided into three groups by their basic mechanism of action.